lecture 19 - Logic and reasoning [19] Nov 14 Chapter 10:...

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Logic and reasoning [19] Nov 14 Chapter 10: Judging Scientific Theories
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Why care about explanations? that something is the case why something is the case explanations understanding of the world 2
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Types of explanations Teleological Interpretive Procedural Theoretical 3
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Types of explanations Theoretical Answers to a ‘why-question’ by advancing a theory (= statement(s)), usually of causal nature. Scientific theory as well!) 4
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What is science ? A. What science is not… Science ≠ Technology ≠ Ideology ≠ Scientism
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What is science ? Science ≠ Technology Pure science Applied science Technology Knowledge Use pure knowledge mass for its own to solve some production
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What is science ? Science ≠ Technology Pure science Applied science production Knows the world Makes things Changes the world
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What is science ? Science ≠ Technology Pure science Applied science Technology Knowledge Use pure knowledge mass for its own to solve some production Logic, Math Compute r science (truth- tables!) Computatio n (how to do it in principle) ‘Turing machine’ Actual, physical computer s Frege Russell Wittgenstein Babbage Turing
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What is science ? Science ≠ Ideology - determinism mechanicism (universe clock) - theism (universe made by God) - nihilism (universe absurd)
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What is science ? Science ≠ Ideology - determinism mechanicism (universe clock) - theism (universe made by God) - nihilism (universe absurd) = views about the world
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What is science ? Science ≠ Scientism - obsession with science - there is a scientific solution to any problem (what should I do to make Mary fall in love with me? (what should I do to be funny ? be good at math ?
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What is science ? B. What science might be… Body of propositions? No. It changes Galileo Newton Einstein
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What is science ? B. What science might be… Method? Well, yes. Roughly, same steps followed since 1600s 1. Problem (Question) 2. Solution (Hypothesis, Explanation, Answer) 3. Make prediction 4. Test prediction 5. Decision
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What is science ? B. What science might be… Method? Well, yes. Roughly, same steps followed since 1600s 1. Problem (Question) 2. Solution (Hypothesis, Explanation, Answer) 3. Prediction (if the solution is correct, then…) 4. Test (is the prediction true?) 5. Decision (if yes, the answer is good; if not, find another)
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What is science ? B. What science might be… Method? Well, yes. Roughly, same steps followed since 1600s 1. Problem (Question) 2. Solution (Hypothesis, Explanation, Answer) 3. Prediction (if the solution is correct, then…) 4. Test (is the prediction true?) 5. Decision (if yes, the answer is good; if not, find another) Illness – Treatment 1.(Why am I in) Pain (?) 2.Because
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lecture 19 - Logic and reasoning [19] Nov 14 Chapter 10:...

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