SOC100Lecture%20Sep%202 - Sociological Theories and Methods...

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Sociological Theories and Methods SOC 100 Lecture Sep 2
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Methods of Sociological Research Experiments Surveys Field Research Analysis of Existing Documents and Official Statistics
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Experiments An artificial situation that allows researchers to isolate causes and measure effects The dependent variable is the effect in any cause-and-effect relationship. The independent variable is the cause in any cause-and-effect relationship.
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Experiments (continued) Randomization involves assigning experimental and control groups by chance processes. Experimental group is exposed to the independent variable. Control group is not exposed to the independent variable.
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Experiments (continued) Reliability is the degree to which an experiment yields consistent results. Validity is the degree to which an experiment measures what it actually intends to measure.
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Ask people questions about their knowledge, attitudes or behavior A sample is part of the population of
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2011 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Rug during the Fall '11 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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SOC100Lecture%20Sep%202 - Sociological Theories and Methods...

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