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2Alkanes and stereo - Alkanes CH n 2n 2 all C are sp3...

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all C are sp 3 hybridized σ bonds C 3 prop ane C 3 H 8 4 but ane C 4 H 10 5 pent ane C 5 H 12 6 hex ane C 6 H 14 7 hept ane C 7 H 16 8 oct ane C 8 H 18 9 non ane C 9 H 20 10 dec ane C 10 H 22 n root suffix formula 1 meth ane C n H 2n+2 H 4 2 C 2 H 6 eth ane Alkanes
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Alkanes CH 4 16 -164 C 2 H 6 30 -88.6 C 3 H 8 44 -42.1 C 4 H 10 58 -0.5 C 5 H 12 72 +36.0 compound m.w. b.p .(C o ) n = 1-4 gases n = 5-15 liquids n > 15 solids
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Alkanes IMF = q 1 q 2 ____ r δ - δ + n = 1-4 gases n = 5-15 liquids n > 15 solids q # electrons instantaneous dipole moments δ - δ +
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Alkanes m.w. b.p. IMF = q 1 q 2 r ____ compound 72 36.1 72 27.9 72 9.5 structural isomers r same formula different shape branching
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Reactions of Alkanes combustion __ C 3 H 8 __ CO 2 + 4 5 exothermic reaction combustion with insufficient O 2 __ C 3 H 8 + __ O 2 __ CO + __ H 2 O 3 4 7/2 improperly vented spaces and cigarettes + __ O 2 __ H 2 O 3
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Reactions of Alkanes Substitution step 1 Cl 2 2 Cl . h ν initiation step 2 Cl . + CH 4 CH 3 . + HCl propagation step 3 CH 3 .
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