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Lecture Outline Chapter 4

Lecture Outline Chapter 4 - Judge and Langdon Connections A...

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Judge and Langdon Connections: A World History Chapter 4: The Origins of the Chinese Empire, to 220 C . E . Lecture Outline I. China’s Geographic Diversity A. The Role of the Gobi Desert and the Mongolian Plateau B. The Yangzi and Yellow Rivers II. Early Chinese Societies China’s first civilization arose in the north, along the Yellow River. View the map Ancient China , on myhistorylab.com A. Predynastic China 1. Legendary past B. Xia and Shang Societies View the map Civilizations of Ancient China, 6,500 B.C.E. - 220 C.E. , on myhistorylab.com 1. Xia dynasty 2. Bronze metallurgy 3. Shang rule Listen to the audio Shang Dynasty , on myhistorylab.com 4. Shang society and religion C. Chinese Writing and Regional Connections III. State and Society During the Zhou Dynasty King Wu, ruler of Zhou, overthrew the Shang and began a new dynasty in 1122 B.C.E. A. The Mandate of Heaven and Dynastic Cycle 1. The triumph of the Zhou 2. Mandate of Heaven and political legitimacy 3. Rebellion and dynastic cycles B. Conflict, Chaos, and Commerce 1. Decentralized government under the Zhou 2. Commerce keeps China connected C. The Central Asian Connection 1. Central Asian nomads 2. Ironworking IV. The Classical Age of Chinese Philosophy The conflicts of the Eastern Zhou era gave birth to China’s main belief systems. The same period was fruitful in producing major philosophies and religions in the Mediterranean, India, and West Asia. A. Confucianism: Noble-Minded Conduct and Familial Respect Read the document Confucius, selections from the Analects, on myhistorylab.com 1. Confucius
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2. Confucianism as an ethical philosophy Read the document Confucian Political Philosophy: An Excerpt from Mencius , on myhistorylab.com 3. The virtues: ren, li, and xiao 4. Confucianism’s impact on society and government Read the document Confucianism: Government and the Superior (551-479 B.C.E.) , on myhistorylab.com B. Daoism: The Way That Cannot Be Spoken
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