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Psych 1 Fair Game Final 12

Psych 1 Fair Game Final 12 - authority many willing to harm...

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Social Interaction Diffusion of responsibility Tend to feel less responsiblility to act when other ppl are equally able to act; presence of other people doing nothing provides info, influences us not to act Social loafing Tendency to loaf(work less hard) when sharing work with other people;exception-when others watch performance Group polarization If nearly all ppl who compose a group lean in same direction issue, more confident Groupthink Occurs when members of group suppress doubts about group’s decision for fear of making bad impression or disrupting group harmony Ways to reduce prejudice (also in TA Section) Work together in diverse groups toward common goal Basic setup of Prisoner's Dilemma and use Used to see how ppl work together; situation where ppl chose coop act, competitive act that benefits themselves but hurts others Milgram obedience study & results Stanford Prison Experiment - basic results When authority figure tells you to do something that might hurt another, some will obey; obedience to
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Unformatted text preview: authority, many willing to harm individuals severely Factors promoting obedience 1) experimenter was taking responsibility for subjects harm 2) started with small request, progress gradually 3) more obedient to experimenter to stay in room with them than those who left 4) obeyed if there was more than one teacher (other was fake) Kohlberg’s view of moral development (general principle only) Moral reasoning is not a set of arbitrary, learned rules, instead, is process that naturally matures through series of stages (6 stages) Problems with Kohlberg’s view Assumed that ppl would base judgments off justice. But most ppl act in sense of duty towards others or in caring for their well-being. Researchers find ppl usually act first, suggest moral reasons to justify behavior. Kohlberg’s methods correlate poorly with actual behavior....
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