3 - Commonwealth Parliament was acting outside of its...

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How does the legislative branch provide checks and balances against the abuse of power? 1. Since a government needs a majority of votes in both houses of Parliament to pass its bills and since government rarely control both houses, a review of bills is likely. 2. In practice, a legislative review occurs if minor parties or independents control the balance of power in the Senate. 3. They can force a review of the Executive’s legislative agenda during the Committee Stage where the bill is referred to a Senate Select or Standing Committee. 4. They examine the bill, taking submissions and suggest amendments. The aim is to reduce possible abuse and inequity. 5. Governments are forced to compromise if they want their bills to become legislation/law. How does the judicial branch provide checks and balance against the abuse of power? 6. As an independent body, the High Court has been the major check on the power of the Executive and Legislative branches of Parliament. 7. In 2009 the High Court declared that the Australian Military Court was unconstitutional because the
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Unformatted text preview: Commonwealth Parliament was acting outside of its powers when it created the court, and thus it was considered ‘ultra vires.’ Structure of State Parliament The Structure of Victorian Parliament: Victorian Parliament ↓ Crown (Governor – Alex Chernov) ↓ ↔ Legislative Assembly 88 members Legislative Council 40 members Legislative Assembly Legislative Council Lower House Upper House 88 seats – represent an electorate 8 regions made up of 11 districts 40 seats (5 reps. per region) Elected for 4 years Elected for 4 years The party that wins the majority of seats (45+) in lower house can: form a govt. appoint a Premier appoint Speaker of the House appoint Ministers Structure of Commonwealth Parliament • Bicameral system (two-house structure) Commonwealth Parliament ↓ Crown (Governor-General) ↓ ↔ Upper House (Senate) 76 members Lower House (House of Reps) 150 members...
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course POL 13 taught by Professor Mrssmith during the Three '08 term at South Australia.

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