Area of Study One: Parliament and the Citizen Australia is a Constitutional Monarchy: 1. We have a constitution (the central document that determines the structure of government, power & law-making) 2. Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 3. Based on the British Westminster System 4. Head of state is a representative of the Queen 5. Federal Parliament 6. Principles of the Australian Parliamentary System • Representative government • Responsible government • Principle of separation of powers Government: 1. Formed by the political party that holds a majority of seats in the lower house of parliament. 2. All members who belong to this political party form the government. 3. Cabinet: 1. The policy-making body made up of the Prime Minister & senior govt. ministers who have been placed in charge of a govt. department.
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