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Unformatted text preview: single-pass proteins and the later as multi-pass proteins. As a result of their structure, transmembrane proteins are the only class of proteins that can perform functions both inside and outside of the cell. Peripheral Proteins Peripheral proteins are attached to the exterior of the lipid bilayer. They are easily separable from the lipid bilayer, able to be removed without harming the bilayer in any way. Peripheral proteins are less mobile within the lipid bilayer. Lipid-Bound Proteins Lipid-bound proteins are located entirely within the boundaries of the lipid bilayer. The Cell Surface The protein and lipid cell membrane is covered with a layer of carbohydrate chains on its outer surface. This layer is called a cell coat or glycocalyx. The exact composition and distribution of these chains is very diverse. The chains are thought to provide the cell with protection against damage. Glycocalyx are only found on the surface of the cells of higher organism's....
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course BIO 1421 taught by Professor Farr during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.
- Fall '08