Abraham Lincoln1 - AbrahamLincoln' .GrantandJohnA....

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Abraham Lincoln's promotion of Halleck to a post in Washington left no single general in  obvious control of the west. Grant and John A. McClernand therefore began to jockey  for control. McClernand got Lincoln's permission to move against Vicksburg, Mississippi.  Vicksburg appeared to be an unlikely target for the Union to attack, but the  Confederates had fortified their position on a bluff over the Mississippi River–making it  impossible for Union forces in New Orleans under Admiral David Farragut to link up with  Grant's army in Tennessee. It was McClernand who now hoped to move on this key link. Grant became aware of the plan in November 1862 and reshuffled his staff before  heading his army down into Mississippi. Grant put William T. Sherman, another of his  generals, in command of a second prong of the attack, hoping that Sherman could beat  McClernand to the punch. An initial attack on Vicksburg by Sherman failed, and the 
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