Furthermore, the scandals in Grant's administration only deepened. The entire administration looked like it tried to profit from the "salary grab" act of March 1873, which retroactively increased the pay of Congress and the President. Grant's Secretary of War became involved in graft on Army bases in the West, and the Speaker of the House received paybacks from a sketchy railroad deal. On the whole, Grant found himself way in over his head. His logical soldier's mind could not manage all the agendas and manipulations of those people around him. Members of his administration began to make claims that they were defending the American ideals that had been re-won on the battlefields of the Civil War–an expression that became known as "waving the bloody shirt." Throughout Grant's seven years as President, the shirt only waved faster and faster. The campaign to replace Grant in 1876 only exacerbated everyone's fears, when
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Summer '08 term at Texas State.