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In the early part of the Civil War1

In the early part of the Civil War1 - ,...

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In the early part of the Civil War, the North had few successes–and several of the major  ones belonged to Grant. He successfully attacked two crucial Confederate forts, Fort  Donelson and Fort Henry, and his demands at both locations for "unconditional  surrender" earned him the nickname "Unconditional Surrender Grant." As Confederate  General Robert E. Lee battled an ever-changing succession of Union generals in  Virginia, Grant moved his army south towards Mississippi, but was temporarily halted by  the disastrous near-rout at Shiloh. The North wanted to cut the Confederacy in half at the Mississippi River, and only the  fortress city of Vicksburg blocked their move. After a bloody battle outside the city, Grant  settled in for a siege. On July 3, 1863, the Confederate commander asked for terms of  surrender; Grant issued his trademark reply: "unconditional surrender." The surrender of 
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