On December 20, 1860, South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union. Other states followed within a few months. Then, when a dispute over ownership of the fort in Charleston harbor exploded in April 1861, the Confederate States of America declared war on the United States of America. More states seceded from the Union and the battles lines were drawn: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas to the South and the other twenty-three states to the North. For the next four years, brother fought brother and father fought son, especially in the bitterly divided border states. The Southern generals, particularly Robert E. Lee, Simon B. Buckner, and James Longstreet among many others, quickly proved themselves far more capable than their Northern counterparts. In fact, though the North vastly
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Summer '08 term at Texas State.