After the passage of the Mint Act, Alexander Hamilton began writing his fourth major Treasury report, the controversial On the Subject of Manufactures, which he delivered to the House of Representatives in December, 1791. Unlike Hamilton's previous reports as the Secretary of the Treasury, On the Subject of Manufactures addressed the future of the nation's economic prosperity, rather than immediate economic concerns. In the report, Hamilton argued that the nation's primary industry should be manufacturing rather than agriculture. If the United States was a manufacturing nation, Hamilton wrote, it would be more self-reliant logistically and militarily. Hamilton also argued that the country would be able to export its manufactures to make money, which would make the country wealthier and more prosperous than farming would. To promote industry, Hamilton encouraged Congress to promote the building of canals and quality roads to
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