Both during Hamilton's tenure as Secretary of the Treasury and for some years after his resignation, he played a key role in developing early American foreign policy. His debut in the realm of international politics occurred in 1789, when the French Revolution erupted in Paris. Whereas Thomas Jefferson marveled at the republican spirit of the revolution, Hamilton was appalled by its bloodiness. In 1793, France, under the leadership of Napoleon , declared war on Spain, Great Britain, and Holland. The United States lacked the resources and desire to enter the Napoleonic Wars , and even Jefferson agreed with Hamilton and Washington that the United States should remain neutral. Whereas Hamilton, however, believed that Washington should publicly declare that the United States would remain out of the war, Jefferson believed that Congress should declare neutrality. Jefferson reasoned that
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