Heisenberg himself was skeptical at first, but soon found the theory quite captivating and hoped to connect it with his own work. Back in Göttingen, Born was using a formula, derived by Kramers in connection with the BKS theory, to progress in quantum mechanics. However, not long after, when Heisenberg met Einstein for the first time, he was discouraged by the master's objections to the BKS theory. Einstein refused to accept the abandonment of certain essential principles, and he wrote to Bohr that if they had to be given up, "then I would rather be a shoemaker or an employee in a gambling casino than a physicist."As Born was to be away in 1924, Bohr arranged for a longer Copenhagen retreat for Heisenberg. Soon, tension grew between Heisenberg and Kramers, mostly due to competition for Bohr's attention and approval. Nevertheless, their research coincided on
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