If Heisenberg's father figure was Sommerfeld, then his older brother was Wolfgang Pauli. Pauli was only one year older, but had come to Munich with even more advanced training in physics than Heisenberg. He had arrived having already written a paper on general relativity, ready for publication. Pauli and Heisenberg were very different in temperament. The former was outspoken and aggressive, with an exciting social life, while the latter was quiet and often withdrawn, always diligent. As physicists, their mutual impact was great, as each pushed the other along toward his achievements. Though they were together in Munich only briefly, they kept in touch for the rest of their lives. Their collected letters constitute a great chapter in modern physics. At the time of Heisenberg's arrival in 1920, Sommerfeld had already been engaged with one central problem: how to explain the behavior of spectra emitted by atoms. Atoms
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Womer during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.