In 1925 - In1925,whileatCopenhagen, .,MaxBorn '

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In 1925, while at Copenhagen, Heisenberg published his first paper laying the  groundwork for his quantum mechanics. On receiving a copy of the paper, Max Born  almost immediately saw that Heisenberg's multiplication of amplitudes involved a rule  used in matrix multiplication–an area of mathematics to which few scientists were  exposed. Months later, Born, Heisenberg, and Jordan coauthored the paper that  established matrix mechanics, but their work was soon rivaled by a new approach  developed by Erwin Schrödinger. Schrödinger treated the matter as waves rather than  particles, and he was able to derive the same results with wave mechanics as  Heisenberg had with matrix mechanics. Heisenberg acknowledged the mathematical  advancement that Schrödinger's work contributed, but he refused to accept the  completely different picture of the atom that the work entailed. With Schrödinger's work gaining popularity–as physicists preferred his mathematical 
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Womer during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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