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Unformatted text preview: In July 1923, Heisenberg received his doctorate, but only with the lowest form of honors because he had performed miserably in the experimental portion of his physics orals. Embarrassed, he returned to Göttingen, where he had studied briefly with Max Born during Sommerfeld's absence. There, Heisenberg formulated his Zeeman principle, which earned him an invitation to Copenhagen to meet with Bohr. He would later serve as Bohr's assistant, and the latter would come to be probably the most significant intellectual influence on Heisenberg. In 1925, while at Copenhagen, Heisenberg published his first paper laying the groundwork for his quantum mechanics. On receiving a copy of the paper, Max Born almost immediately saw that Heisenberg's multiplication of amplitudes involved a rule used in matrix multiplication–an area of mathematics to which few scientists were...
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Womer during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.
- Fall '08