1540 brought many more trials and executions. In July, Henry staged a sensational trial and execution in the name of the new Church of England. Three Protestants and three Roman Catholics were tried and dragged through the streets of London. The Protestants were burned for heresy, and the Catholics drawn and quartered, the fullest punishment for treason. The most important figure to be sent to the block that summer, however, was Thomas Cromwell, who had once been Henry's most powerful minister. The Anne of Cleves disaster had been Cromwell's downfall, but his death without a trial was made possible, as well, by accusations that he had been using his position as the king's Viceregent to protect Lutherans and to see that the orthodox Six Articles were not enforced throughout the realm. He was condemned as a "detestable heretic" and beheaded for treason. Henry's chief orthodox ministers, the Duke of Norfolk and Bishop
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