In 1812, American forces invaded Canada, then a British colony, and British forces invaded the United States. In 1814, the British forced President James Madison to flee Washington and British troops burned the capital city. American naval forces fared well, however, and Andrew Jackson's victory over the British forces at New Orleans provided a major morale boost to Americans–albeit a victory that came after the war was technically over. The Treaty of Ghent, signed December 24, 1815, ended the War of 1812 and returned both countries to the status quo ante bellum –the way things were before the war began. With peace at hand again, the U.S. continued to expand. More states joined the Union, settlers moved further West–coping along the way with Indians, bandits and more hardships. Jackson led the way into Florida after President James Monroe purchased it
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