In the spring and summer of 1520, Henry met twice with the young Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the French King Francois I–doubtless the two most powerful men in Europe at the time–in order to further amicable foreign relations. The seventeen-day meeting with Francois on the Field of Cloth-of-Gold in northern France was famously lavish in its splendor and medieval, royal pomp, much of which was meticulously orchestrated by Cardinal Wolsey. The kings and their several-thousand-person entourages were entertained by jousting tournaments, in which the kings themselves particpated. Henry and Francois also engaged in a friendly wrestling match with one another–Henry was beaten by Francois. The "friendly" opposition between the kings in these games proved more indicative of future Anglo-French relations than did the hearty hugs and handshakes at the meeting. In August 1521, Henry secretly signed
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Henry, French King Francois, Roman Emperor Charles, Emperor Charles V–again