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Unformatted text preview: The human toll of Henry's religious persecutions was felt in England around the same time of his final wars in France and Scotland. The French war, which ended withe the Peace at Ardres in 1546, was very costly. With only the small city of Boulogne to show for victory, Henry had spent well over two million pounds–an astonishing amount of money in the sixteenth century–in the financing of his last military adventures. Along with all the English lives lost on French battlegrounds, the royal treasury, known as the exchequer, was bankrupt by the end of Henry's reign, and the financial independence of the Crown was essentially destroyed. With the beheading of Thomas Cromwell and Henry's wife Katherine Howard, the executions of numerous individuals both Protestant and Catholic for their faith, and the expensive, rather futile war in France in the mid-1540s, Henry firmed up his historical...
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Womer during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.
- Fall '08