The new United States grew rapidly, expanding ever westward. President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Purchase from France, more than doubling the size of the country overnight. The frontier moved from the Carolinas westward to Georgia, Kentucky and Jackson's new home, Tennessee.As the United States grew, though, it struggled to assert itself on the world stage. Pirates from the Barbary States–Algiers, Morocco, Tripoli and Tunis–declared war on American shipping in 1801. Jefferson sent naval and marine forces to Tripoli in defense, and Tripoli finally asked for peace in 1805. Tensions remained high with Britain as well, and it was not long before Americans again found themselves defending their homes from the Redcoats.In 1812, American forces invaded Canada, then a British colony, and British forces invaded the United States. In 1814, the British forced President James Madison to flee
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british forces, new United States, President James, American naval forces, major morale boost