When the future King Henry VIII was born at the royal palace at Greenwich, England, on June 28, 1491, his elder brother Arthur was the Prince of Wales, and heir to the throne of England. The boys' father was King Henry VII, who had wrested the throne from King Richard III in 1485 in a famous battle at Bosworth Field, which ended the War of the Roses. Their mother was Elizabeth of York, the daughter of King Edward IV, and the lawful heiress to the throne. Her marriage to Henry Tudor in 1485 helped solidify his shaky claim to the Crown, and the births of their sons were major steps in securing the Tudor dynasty in the future. Arthur married the young Spanish princess Catherine of Aragon in November 1501, but he died very suddenly of consumption six months later.
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