In a second case, involving missionaries who were charged with living with the Indians, the Court again ruled in favor of the tribes. However, when Jackson heard of the Court's ruling, he is said to have muttered, "Well, [Chief Justice] John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!" Largely because of cases such as these, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830, stating that all lands east of the Mississippi would be given over to the government and exchanged for land west of the river given to the Indians in perpetuity. The removals were a disaster. Over the course of his term in office, Jackson signed more than ninety treaties with Indian tribes, but the government rarely honored these treaties in reality. Tribes were given little time to gather their belongings and were forced to move westward before any planning could be accomplished. Thousands died. Two
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