On a larger scale, Jackson dealt with the controversial issue of Indian removal. The ever-expanding white population of the United States had pushed about 53,000 Cherokees, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Creek Indians into what was then the southwestern corner of the United States (modern-day Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi). While the tribes now considered themselves safe under federal treaties, the individual states had other ideas. Georgia, which declared the Cherokee tribe under its jurisdiction, caught an Indian accused of murdering a white settler, and tried, convicted, and sentenced him to hanging. The tribe appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, saying it was not under the jurisdiction of Georgia state law, and the Supreme Court upheld the appeal–Georgia, unfortunately, had already executed the man.
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Indian Removal Act, Georgia State Law, everexpanding white population, old stomping grounds.