The tariff battle became even more personal when, in the midst of the tariff debate, Calhoun led the fight to block nomination of Martin Van Buren as minister to England. The Senate deadlocked on the nomination and it fell to Calhoun, as Vice President, to cast the tie-breaking vote. Calhoun gleefully voted against Van Buren. The move backfired, however, as Jackson swore he would avenge the loss. For his part, Van Buren gained sympathy support around Washington. Jackson's tariff bill ultimately prevailed and passed both the House and Senate by a wide margin. South Carolina, however, held out. The state called a special session of the legislature to consider its options. With the Union appearing to be breaking up and civil war seemingly looming on the horizon, Jackson ordered army and navy forces to stand ready in Virginia and Charleston. The South Carolina legislature voted on
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