22 - MYCOLOGY Xiao-Kui Guo PhD Classification Based on...

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MYCOLOGY Xiao-Kui Guo PhD
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Classification Based on molecular evidence: base sequences from ribosomal RNA (Patterson & Sogin 1992)
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Comparison of fungi and bacteria feature fungi bacteria diameter 4um 1um nucleus Eukaryotic prokaryotic cytoplasm Mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum present Mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum present Cell membrane Sterols present Sterols absent Cell wall chitin peptidoglycan spores Sexual and asexual spores for reproduction Endospores for survival, not for reproduction Thermal dimorphism yes No metabolism Require organic carbon; no obligate anaerobes May do not require organic carbon; many obligate anaerobes
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Medically important fungi Includes 4 phyla Ascomycota (((((( - Sexual reproduction in a sack called an ascus with the production of ascopspores. Basidiomycota (((((( -Sexual reproduction in a sack called a basidium with the production of basidiospores.
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