Head IV Cranial Nerves-1

Head IV Cranial Nerves-1 - HEAD/NECK IV: Cranial Nerves •...

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Unformatted text preview: HEAD/NECK IV: Cranial Nerves • Special Sense Nerves –I,II,VIII • Somatic Motor Nerves –Eye—III,IV,VI –Tongue--XII • “Rest of body” nerves –IX,X,XI • Face and jaws –VII, V Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Overview Head/Neck I-IV • Head I: Skull—a framework to hang on – Overall organization of skull – Base of the skull—the hard part • Developmental view • Cranial nerves out (to “targets”) • Head II: Throat targets • Head III: Special Sense targets • Head IV: Cranial nerves in depth Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Nerve “targets” in head • SENSORY • MOTOR Special Smell Vision Hearing Muscles Glands eyes salivary extrinsic sweat intrinsic lacrimal jaws mucous facial expression larynx tongue throat ear General skin teeth eye tongue oral cavity nasal cavity middle ear throat meninges Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Base of the skull—cranial nerves out • • • • • Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Ethmoid (olfactory) I. Olfactory Sphenoid (optic) II. Optic III. Oculomotor IV. Trochlear VI. Abducens Temporal (otic) VII. Acoustic/Auditory/ Vestibulocochlear Face/Jaws V. Trigeminal VII. Facial Throat (rest of body) IX Glossopharyngeal X. Vagus XI. Spinal Accessory XII. Hypoglosal Special Sense Nerves NERVE TARGET EXIT FROM CRANIAL CAVITY I. Olfactory Olfactory epithelium Cribiform plate (ethmoid) II. Optic Retina Optic canal (sphenoid) VIII. Auditory Inner ear Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Internal auditory meatus (temporal) M&M, Table 14.3 Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Somatic Motor Nerves (eye muscles and tongue) NERVE TARGET IV. Trochlear Superior oblique m. (with trochlea) VI. Abducens Lateral rectus •Sup.,med.,inf.rectus III. Oculomotor (Also parasympathetic • Inferior Oblique to ciliary mm, constrictor •Levator palpebrae pupillae) superioris XII. Hypoglossal Intrinsic, extrinsic mm. of tongue Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves EXIT CR. CAVITY Sup. Orbital fissure (sphenoid) “ “ Hypoglossal canal (occipital) Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves “Rest of body” nerves (all exit from jugular foramen) NERVE TARGET • Somatic motor to larynx/pharynx • Parasympathetic to most of gut • Taste to back posterior pharynx XI: (Spinal) • Motor to traps, Accesory sternocleidomastoid IX: Glosso- • Sensory to carotid body/sinus pharyngeal • Taste to posterior tongue • Sensory to ear opening/middle ear • Parotid salivary gland X: Vagus Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves VII: Facial Nerve (exits cranial cavity with VIII--internal auditory meatus) • Facial muscles (five branches fan out over face from stylomastoid foramen) – – – – – Temporal Zygomatic Buccal Mandibular Cervical • “chorda tympani” (crosses interior ear drum to join V3 ) – Taste to anterior 2/3 of tongue – Submandibular, sublingual salivary glands • Lacrimal glands Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves V: Trigeminal (3 nerves in 1!) • V1. Ophthalmic – Exits with eye muscle group (superior orbital fissure, through orbit to superior orbital notch/foramina) – Sensory to forehead, nasal cavity • V2. Maxillary – Exits foramen rotundum through wall of maxillary sinus to inferior orbital foramina) – Sensory to cheek, upper lip, teeth, nasal cavity • V3. Mandibular – – – – Exits foramen ovale to mandibular foramen to mental foramen Motor to jaw muscles--Masseter, temporalis, pterygoids, digastric Sensory to chin Sensory to tongue Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves Cranial Nerve Web Sites Clinical tests for cranial nerv (New York U) More detail cranial nerves, b (Yale Medical) NIce review of cranial nerves­­include (Washington U) Human Anatomy, Frolich, Head/Neck IV: Cranial Nerves ...
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Head IV Cranial Nerves-1 - HEAD/NECK IV: Cranial Nerves •...

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