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ch16 Student: _______________________________________________________________________________________ Multiple Choice Questions 1. The explicit costs, such as the legal expenses, associated with corporate default are classified as _____ costs. A. flotation B. beta conversion C. direct bankruptcy D. indirect bankruptcy E. unlevered 2. The costs of avoiding a bankruptcy filing by a financially distressed firm are classified as _____ costs. A. flotation B. direct bankruptcy C. indirect bankruptcy D. financial solvency E. capital structure 3. The explicit and implicit costs associated with corporate default are referred to as the _____ costs of a firm. A. flotation B. default beta C. direct bankruptcy D. indirect bankruptcy E. financial distress 4. Indirect costs of financial distress: A. effectively limit the amount of equity a firm issues. B. serve as an incentive to increase the financial leverage of a firm. C. include direct costs such as legal and accounting fees. D. tend to increase as the debt-equity ratio decreases. E. include the costs incurred by a firm as it tries to avoid seeking bankruptcy protection. 5. The legal proceeding for liquidating or reorganizing a firm operating in default is called a: A. tender offer. B. bankruptcy. C. merger. D. takeover. E. proxy fight.
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A. cost of equity is maximized. B. tax rate is zero. C. levered cost of capital is maximized. D. weighted average cost of capital is minimized. E. debt-equity ratio is minimized. 7. The optimal capital structure has been achieved when the: A. debt-equity ratio is equal to 1. B. weight of equity is equal to the weight of debt. C. cost of equity is maximized given a pre-tax cost of debt. D. debt-equity ratio is such that the cost of debt exceeds the cost of equity. E. debt-equity ratio selected results in the lowest possible weighed average cost of F. capital. 8. In a world with taxes and financial distress, when a firm is operating with the optimal capital structure: (I) the debt-equity ratio will also be optimal. (II) the weighted average cost of capital will be at its minimal point. (III) the required return on assets will be at its maximum point. (IV) the increased benefit from additional debt is equal to the increased bankruptcy costs of that debt. A. I and IV only B. II and III only C. I and II only D. II, III, and IV only E. I, II, and IV only 9. The optimal capital structure will tend to include more debt for firms with: A. the highest depreciation deductions. B. the lowest marginal tax rate. C. substantial tax shields from other sources. D. lower probability of financial distress. E. less taxable income. 10. The optimal capital structure of a firm _____ the marketed claims and _____ the nonmarketed claims against the cash flows of the firm. A.
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