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gender_11_ver_1 - scientiststhanwomen a b c...

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Why did former Harvard University President Larry Summers state that men are better scientists than women a) Because he’s poorly informed b) Because he is a methodological individualist c) Because he is biased d) Because he is in a male dominated profession
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1. Introduction & definitions 2. Is gender biologically determined, or biologically related? 3. Sex, the brain, and behavior 4. Marriage & principles of gender stratification
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Gender does not exist, except As an individual preference Biological status Family division of labor
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Gender exists as a social category in relation to society Historical materialism: social being determines social consciousness (how people live shapes their ideas about the world as they know it, e.g. Gaventa’s theory of power) Gender is defined by social relationships: occupation, property, and family
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Fundamental social category hunter/gathers mostly gender equal, class divided civilizations tend to be male dominated Gender links to “social being determines social consciousness” & sociological imagination
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Gender : social categories associated with sexual dimorphism George Herbert Mead’s theory of the self & generalized other : fully developed self is defined in relation to a community, of not just of individuals, but of social types (including gender types)
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Family : A small kinship‐structured group with the key function of nurturing socialization of the newborn Marriage : A formal commitment between a couple to maintain a long‐term relationship involving specific rights and duties toward one another and toward their children
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