New class society 11 ver 2.1 -...

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Unformatted text preview: Is
Bill
Moyers’
essay

“How
Wall
Street
 Occupied
America”
based
on
 a)  Individualist
methodology
 b)  Social
methodology
 I.  II.  III.  Sociological
imagination:
social
issue
versus
 personal
problems
 New
class
society
defined
 Occupy
Wall
Street
as
a
social
movement
for
 justice
   Commonality:
   Perrucci
&
Wysong
describe
“new
class
society
   Occupy
Wall
Street
criticizes
“new
class
society”
 1%
versus
99%
   Perrucci
&
Wysong
use
social
analysis

   Moyers
uses
individualist
analysis
 P.6.
“stable
and
enduring
patterns
in
our
 collective
lives”
   Class
conceptualized
using
two
concepts:
     relations
in
production
‐
occupation;

   distributed
resources
–
income,
education
   Measured
by:
         Consumption
capital
–
income
 Investment
capital
–
assets
 Skill
capital
–
education
 Social
capital
‐
networks
           “hypocrisy
made
worse,
the
further
perversion
of
 democracy”
 America
is
a
great
country,
a
“prosperous
free
society
 belonging
to
obscure
people
with
their
workaday
 concerns…”
 Lewis
Powell’s
(Phillip‐Morris
to
Supreme
Court)
 “revolt
of
the
rich”
 Rich
attempted
to
block
healthcare
for
9/11
first
 responders
 Compare
to
Egyptian
social
movement
“Arab
Spring”
 that
blames
unemployment
&
poverty
on
President
 Mubarak,
while
providing
no
plan
to
end
 unemployment
&
poverty
   “Occupy
Wall
Street”
has
yet
to
define
itself
 as
a
protest
against
corporate
leadership,
 versus
protesting
the
capitalist
system

   Replacing/regulating
corporate
leadership,
 versus
changing
the
system?
(bad
people
or
 bad
system?)
   Bill
Moyers:
“bad
people”
   Perrucci
&
Wysong:
“bad
system”
   Society
currently
undergoing
revolutionary
 change,
and
this
will
tend
to
conform
to
 history
of
past
revolutions
   The
last
revolution
was
Civil
War
–
 emancipation
of
the
slave
from
the
slave
 owner
   However
because
the
revolution
was
shaped
 by
bourgeois
interests,
it
resulted
in
decades
 of
fascist
violence
within
the
“new
South”
 Letter
from
General
McClellan
to
President
 Lincoln,
July
11,
1862:
 “Military
government
should
be
confined
to
the
preservation
 of
public
order
and
the
protection
of
political
right.
 Military
power
should
not
be
allowed
to
interfere
with
the
 relations
of
servitude,
either
by
supporting
or
impairing
 the
authority
of
the
master…”
(p.92)
 *Source: U.S. House of Representatives. 1864. Report of Major-General George B. McClellan Upon the Organization of the Army of the Potomac and its Campaigns in Virginia and Maryland from July 26, 1861 to November 7, 1862. Boston: Office of the Boston Courier.       Northern
banks
gained
control
of
Southern
 resources
–
land
&
productive
capital
 WEB
DuBois
(1935):
“Wall
Street
controls
the
 South,
and
the
South
controls
the
 country”
(e.g.
DuBois
noted
tendency
for
 Southern
Congress
members
to
persist
in
 office,
&
gain
control
of
key
committees)
 Lack
of
democracy
in
South
limits
democracy
 within
the
country
as
a
whole
   What
is
the
character
of
society:
pluralist,
 individualist,
class
divided?
   If
society
is
class
divided,
how
is
power
 maintained?
2nd
&
3rd
dimensions
in
play
(see
 Gaventa
on
Appalachia)
   What
are
social
dynamics
–
polarization?
 Source: Massey, Rothwell & Domina, 2009   Majority
worldview:
society
is
the
sum
of
 individuals,
individuals
responsible
for
their
 own
fate
   Social
science:
society
determines
individual
 life
chances,
and
has
dynamic
ontological
 status

   If
Perrucci
&
Wysong
correct,
American
 peoples’
experience
at
odds
with
their
 ideology,
&
Occupy
Wall
Street
protests
 reflect
desire
to
better
understand
   New
working
class
can’t
solve
its
problems
 within
capitalist
framework
–
needs
new
 knowledge
&
new
institutions
to
redistribute
 wealth
 Access
to
4
resources:
         Consumption
capital
(income)
 Investment
capital
(wealth,
investments)
 Skill
capital
(formal
education
&
job
experience)
 Social
capital
(networks,
who
you
know)
             No
middle
class
(20/80
bifurcation)
 Demise
of
unions/high
wage
jobs
 Rising
income
&
wealth
inequality
 Gated
communities
versus
rotting
 neighborhoods
 Two‐class
educational
system
 Race
and
gender
discrimination
based
on
 organizational
scripts
       Classes
have
conflicting
interests,
what
helps
 one
class
hurts
the
other
 Privileged
class
pursues
its
interests
while
 successfully
disorganizing
new
working
class
 interests
 Privileged
class
is
big
enough
(40
–
50
 million)
to
close
out
working
class
upward
 mobility
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/21/2011 for the course DSOC 1101 taught by Professor Hirshel during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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