LouisianaGroundwater09

LouisianaGroundwater09 - GROUNDWATER STATUS IN LOUISIANA...

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Unformatted text preview: GROUNDWATER STATUS IN LOUISIANA prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey February 5, 2009 COOPERATIVE PARTNERSHIPS • Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development • Capital Area Ground Water Conservation Commission • Louisiana Department of Natural Resources • Sparta Ground Water Conservation Commission • U.S. Army at Fort Polk GROUND-WATER WITHDRAWALS IN LOUISIANA, 1960-2005 WITHDRAWALS, IN MILLION GALLONS PER D 2000 1764 1800 1634 1525 1562 1600 1438 1400 1200 1572 1341 1299 1173 1029 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 WATER WITHDRAWALS IN LOUISIANA, 1960-2005 12000 WITHDRAWALS, IN MILLION GALLONS PER D SURFACE WATER GROUND WATER 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 A R K A N S A S 93 94 92 91 MADISON RI 0 PI 5 0 KILO MET ERS SIP S IS M I S S I S S I P P I MI S RA PI D ES VER N O N 90 AVOYE S LLE PO COINTE U PE E E. BAT ON ROUGE L ST . TAM MAN Y AR ST . LANDRY TANG IPAHO A EVAN GELINE WASHINGT ON PE ALLEN BE AURE GARD E. FE LIC IANA ST . HELENA ER W . FE LIC IANA RI V T E X A S CO ES CH RD IA TO HI NC O TC NA LA S ALLE GRANT 5 0 MILES 0 TE N WI NN SABINE 31 VE LIN FRA NK CA LD WE LL RED RIVER ND HO UL A DE S O OT JACKS ON A HL C ATA 32 C RI R OUAC HIT A BIENVI LLE SA S WEBSTER LINC OLN R C AD D O IE BO SS UNIO N E. CARR OLL MOREHOUSE C LAIBORNE CA W. RR OL L 33 R. INE SA B AY F T LA ET E ST . MARTIN E LL 30 ACADIA VI ER IB JE FF. DAVIS C ALC ASIEU ASCENION S I BER IA C A M ER O N S AS SUMP T ION VER M ILIO N ST . M ARY G ulf LA FO . CH T AR LE S UR CH E TERREBON N E of M ex i c o EXPLANATION SELECTED AQUIFERS AND AQUIFER SYSTEMS: SPARTA AQUIFER CHICOT AQUIFER SYSTEM MISSISSIPPI RIVER ALLUVIAL AQUIFER SOUTHERN HILLS AQUIFER SYSTEM M is s ed 700 400 100 9 13 19 49 3 9 ot he r R iv is er si pp A ll u iR vi iv al er A U ll u pl an vi al d Te rr ac e C So hi co ut t he rn H ill Ev s an ge lin e Ja sp er C at ah ou la C oc kf ie ld Sp C ar ar riz ta oW ilc ox R WITHDRAWAL RATE, IN MILLION GALLONS PER DA PUMPAGE BY MAJOR AQUIFER OR AQUIFER SYSTEM, 2005 800 662 600 500 402 320 300 200 68 18 0 1 Freshwater extent of the Sparta aquifer in north Louisiana ARKANSAS MOREHOUSE UNION CLAIBORNE BOSSIER WEBST ER LINCOLN RICHLAND CADDO OUACHITA JACKSON BIENVILLE RED RIVER DE SOTO CALDWELL TEXAS WINN NATCHITOCHES GRANT SABINE RAPIDES VERNON LA SALLE E-E´ East Mo nro e, L . a We st Mo nro e , La. B´ FEET 400 f C oo k B as e o un t a in Co n fi ni n Ou-404 Mo SEA LEVEL 0 Ou-534 L-68 200 Ou-432 NO ? DATA? Ou-443 Ou-441 L-144 Bi-177 400 L-113 FEET L-91 D-D´ Ru sto n, La . Bienville P rish a Lincoln Parish West Lincoln Parish Ouac hita P arish B 200 0 g U n it SEA LEVEL S PA RTA A QUI FE R -20 0 -200 -40 0 -400 Top ? of -600 ? NO DATA Can e R ive r ? Co n f ini ng Un i ? -60 0 NO DATA t ? NO DATA ? ? -80 0 -800 0 0 10 Miles 10 Kilom eters VERT ICAL SCALE GR EAT LY EXAGGERATED -1,000 -1,0 00 WITHDRAWALS FROM THE SPARTA AQUIFER IN LOUISIANA, 2005 (68 MILLION GALLONS PER DAY) All Other Uses 5% Industry 44% Public supply 53% Potentiometric map of the Sparta aquifer in north Louisiana, 1996 ARKANSAS MOREHOUSE UNION CLAIBORNE BOSSIER WEBST ER LINCOLN RICHLAND CADDO OUACHITA JACKSON BIENVILLE RED RIVER DE SOTO CALDWELL TEXAS WINN NATCHITOCHES LA SALLE GRANT SABINE EXPLANATI ON RAPIDES VERNON er uif OC IT CH T NA ta Ap GRANT VERNON LA S ALLE WES CAR T ROL L EAS T CAR ROLL of fr e shwa lim it RAPIDES Areal extent of freshwater in the Sparta aquifer system in Louisiana 1 MADIS ON CALDWE wn FRANKLIN LL o d T AS ENS a te im x p ro S HE da WINN -3 Contours indicate approximate water-level declines at monitor wells, in feet per year, for the period 1990-2000. Dashed where indefinite Control point Control point and well number for which hydrograph is shown CAT AHO ULA aq -2 RICHLAND -d ip JACKS ON rta No -4 CON COR DIA ea ar a Sp S ABINE OUACHIT A -2 he ft BIENVILLE RED RIVER ter -2 LINCOLN e rg ha o it DE S O OT MOREHOUS E UNION -1 W e c Re BS ER WE T lim IE S R BOS ern st CADDO Water-level decline in the Sparta aquifer in northern Louisiana during the period 1990 to 2000, based on data from USGS/DOTD water-level networks. CLAIBORNE 130 120 110 90 WATER LEVEL, IN FEET ABOVE OR BELOW (-) SEA LEVEL Water levels in the Sparta aquifer, 1970-2007 100 Bi-144 80 70 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 Cl-149 -80 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -120 -130 -140 Ou-444 -150 70 60 50 40 30 W-172 20 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Location of the Chicot aquifer system and rice-growing area in southwestern Louisiana 9 3° 3 0 ´ 9 3° 0 0 ´ 9 2° 3 0 ´ 9 2° 0 0 ´ 9 1° 3 0 ´ RAPIDES Al ex an dr ia RIVER D S S I PP Le es v i ll e M I S SI RE C A LC A S I E U M ark s v i l le I RI VE AV O Y E LL E S R R IV ER VERNON 3 1° 0 0 ´ E XPL ANAT ION S OUTC ROP AREA R E VA N GE L I NE e ne an s Ope lo us as Eu ni ce ou BI TE T E Y FA Ri EU ve r St . M ar t i nv i ll e 0 10 20 MILES on U C ONTROL POINT AND WELL NUM BER FOR WHIC H HYDROGRAPH IS SHOWN ili YO S T. M AR TI N La f ay et t e E E U BA Q R iv e r D E LA C ro wl ey J en ni ngs U u La k e C ha rl es RT TO R Bay ou I Bay SA AS yo CAL CASIEU LC VE CA Ba R iv e r ACADIA RI H oust on AP PROXIM ATE B UNDARY BE O TWEEN THE UPPER AND LOWER SANDS TO THE EAS AND THE T "20 0-" AND “ 70 0-FOOT" SANDS TO THE WEST A J EFF ERSO N D AV I S EU AP PROXIM ATE B UNDARY BE O TWEEN THE CHICOT MAS SIVE S AND TO THE NORTH AND THE "200 -," "50 0-," AND “7 00- FOOT" SANDS TO THE SOUTH AY NE de R FA L VE AP PROXIM ATE B UNDARY BE O TWEEN THE CHICOT MAS SIVE S AND TO THE NORTH AND THE UPPER AND LOWER SANDS TO THE SOUTH HA RI C Obe rl i n 3 0° 3 0 ´ BOUNDARY OF FRES HWATER EXT ENT OF THE C HICOT AQUIFER S TEM (m od ified f ro m YS S o o t, 198 6) m s Ne Vi ll e Pl at t e AT C BEA UREG ARD LAND USED FOR RIC E GROWING (S URC E O : Jo sep h Ho lm e s, Lo uisian a Dep a rtm e nt o f Environ m en ta l Qua lity, w ritte n c om m un., 2 001 ) S T. LA N D R Y qu zpi VE A L LE N RI TE XA D eR id der 10 20 KILOME RS TE rm 0 S I AB N E CAM ERO N E SI CA K E AL A C L V E R M I LI O N U Ab bev i l le N ew I b eri a T e c h e IBERIA AR KA N SAS G R A ND LA KE F ra nk l in C am ero n M e rm e nt au W HIT E LA KE S T. M A RY T EXAS LA KE Ve 3 0° 0 0 ´ L OU I S IA N A En l a rge d A re a MI SSI SSI PPI Gu lf o f M ex i co 2 9° 3 0 ´ I ndex Ma p NORT H SOUT H VERNON PARISH BEAUREGARD PARISH FEET SEA LEVEL Water level CALCASIEU PARISH CAMERON PARISH FEET SEA LEVEL massive sand ba se of Ch Evangeline t aq aquifer ui -1,000 -500 "500-foot" sand "700-foot" sand i co upper sand "200-foot" sand Chicot aquifer system -500 GULF OF MEXICO fe -1,000 r sy st em -1,500 Not to scale lower sand -1,500 WITHDRAWALS FROM THE CHICOT AQUIFER SYSTEM, 2005 (660 MILLION GALLONS PER DAY) Public supply 14% Aquaculture 17% Industry 9% Power generation 0% Other uses 2% Irrigation 58% Water levels in the Chicot aquifer system, June 2002. 20 10 0 WATER LEVEL, IN FEET ABOVE OR BELOW SEA LEVEL -10 -20 -30 Water levels show longterm declines and seasonal fluctuations at 3 wells screened in the Chicot aquifer system in southwestern Louisiana, 1960-2010. -40 -50 EV-229 -60 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 AC-326 -80 -20 -30 -40 Sabine River Diversion Canal is completed in 1982 and results in less ground-water pumpage and water-level rebound -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 CU-787 -100 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Water-level decline in the Chicot aquifer system during the period 1995 to 2005, based on data from the USGS/DOTD water-level network. WATER-LEVEL SURFACE IN THE “500-FOOT” SAND, FALL 1995 Areas of saltwater in the “500-foot” sand, 1996 t t S outhern Hills aquifer system BATO N RO UG E FAU LT (Approxim ate southe r n lim it of aqu 0 0 50 MILES 50 KILOMETERS ZO NE ifer syste m) EAST BATON ROUGE PARISH Baton Rouge Woodville Natchez RECH ARGE AREA EAST FELICIANA PARISH RECH ARGE AREA Ind. Dist. Co nt in u in g s e qu enc e of sa n d a nd c la y b ed s b el ow the "2, 8 00 - fo o LSU t" s a nd Idealized cross-section showing aquifers in the Baton Rouge area. WITHDRAWALS FROM THE SOUTHERN HILLS AQUIFER SYSTEM, 2005 (320 MILLION GALLONS PER DAY) All other uses 7% Rural domestic 6% Power generation 4% Public supply 45% Industry 38% U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PUMPAGE CENTERS IN THE SOUTHERN HILLS AQUIFER SYSTEM, 1995 PE A R L R IV E R 91 00’ 90 00’ M I S S I S S I P P I 31 00’ Lake Killarney 15 5 13 WEST FELICIANA Old River 11 New Roads POINTE COUPEE Greensburg 18 5 95 55 Roseland 14 5 55 35 125 15 F se R Frisco 5 -5 iver Bueche Maringouin -6 5 Port Allen -105 -125 ST. TAMMANY Livingston -8 5 HAMMOND Albany Denham Springs BATON ROUGE 105 LIVINGSTON COVINGTON 85 Abita Springs 12 Hickory BATON 59 FAULT ROUGE 12 Pearl River MANDEVILLE PON LAKE MAUREPAS 20 KI MET RS LO E 30 ° 15’ EXPLANATION POTENTIOMETRIC CONTOUR--Shows altitude at which water level would have stood in tightly cased wells. Dashed where approximately located. Interval 10 feet. Vertical datum is NGVD 29 RI V 65 Ponchatoula 20 MILES FAULT--Shows approximate location of fault at ground surface (modified from Murray, 1961, fig. 4.33; Cardwell and others, 1967, pl. 2; McCulloh, 1991, pl. Ia-e; P.V. Heinrich, R.P. McCulloh, and J.I. Snead, Louisiana Geological Survey, written commun., 1997; Griffith, in press, pl. 1) L R 10 0 TANGIPAHO A E WEST BATON ROUGE 30 ° 30’ 0 -5 5 Livonia Krotz Springs BAKER EAST BATON -25 ROUGE -4 PE AR Fordoche al BOGALUSA 16 5 Amite 19 ER Melville Franklinton 75 M IS SI SSI P PI V RI Morganza 5 20 5 I P P I S I S S M I S EAST FELICIANA WASHINGTON ST. HELENA 5 Clinton St. Francisville 30 ° 45’ 225 LA TCH KE ART R SLIDELL 10 AIN Lacombe 10 EF- 210 CONTROL POINT AND NUMBER, BY AQUIFER WELL WITH HYDROGRAPH AND NUMBER, BY AQUIFER (See fig. 4) “1,500-foot” Sand = Blue “1,700-foot” Sand = Brown Kentwood Aquifer = Magenta Abita Aquifer = Purple Covington Aquifer = Green Slidell Aquifer = Orange 55 The Ri golets FLOW ARROW--Shows general direction of ground-water flow STUDY AREA LAKE BORGNE INDEX MAP Ba se ma p mo dified from Lou isi ana Oi l Spi ll Co ordinator, Office of th e Govern or, Lo uisiana GIS CD: A d igital Map of the State , Version 2 .0 Figure 1. Potentiometric surface of the Kentwood aquifer system and the “1,500-foot” and “1,700-foot” sands of the Baton Rouge area, southeastern Louisiana, March-April, 2003. 100 50 Water levels in deep aquifers of the Southern Hills aquifer system in southeastern Louisiana, 1950-2010 Well: EB-90 Aquifer: 2,000-ft Sand Depth: 2,120 ft 0 -50 -100 WATER LEVE, IN FEET ABOVE OR BELOW SEA LEVEL -150 -200 -250 50 Well: Li-113 Aquifer: 1,200-ft Sand Depth: 1,300 ft 45 40 35 30 25 20 180 160 140 120 100 80 1950 Well: Ta-260 Aquifer: Amite Depth: 2,013 ft 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 -0.5 -1 -2 -1 -1. 5 Contours indicate approximate declines at monitor wells, in feet per year, for the period 1990-2000. Dashed where indefinite Control point Control point and well number for which hydrograph is shown Water-level decline in the Southern Hills aquifer system in southeastern Louisiana during the period 1990 to 2000, based on data from USGS/DOTD/CAGWCC water-level networks. Lula station Government St. station 9 1 97 2 7 19 20 05 “connector” well 1966 EB-918 Location of saltwater and chloride concentrations at sampled wells and in the “1,500-foot” sand. EB-917 EB-918 1000 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2000 2005 EB-917 60 CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER Graphs of chloride concentrations in USGS observation wells screened in the “1,500-foot” sand and located between the Baton Rouge fault and the “connector” well CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER 900 50 40 30 20 10 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 EB-413 16 CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 EB-771 10 9 CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER Graphs of chloride concentrations in public supply wells screened in the “1,500-foot” sand at the Government St. station 14 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 20 0 5 19 92 1977 1966 Location of saltwater and chloride concentrations at sampled wells and in the “2,000-foot” sand. industrial wells EB-874 2005 1992 EB-630 EB-1150 EB-1028 1977 1966 Location of saltwater and chloride concentrations at sampled wells and in the “2,000-foot” sand. 300 CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER Graph of chloride concentrations at well EB-1028 screened in the “2,000-foot” sand and located between the Baton Rouge fault and downtown pumping stations EB-1028 250 200 150 100 50 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 EB-630 200 150 100 50 0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 EB-1150 180 160 CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER Graphs of chloride concentrations in downtown Baton Rouge public supply wells screened in the “2,000-foot” sand CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER 250 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 SUMMARY • Water level declines and saltwater encroachment are serious concerns in the Sparta aquifer in the Monroe area • Water level declines and saltwater encroachment are potential future concerns in the Chicot aquifer, especially in the Lake Charles area • Saltwater encroachment is a serious concern in the Southern Hills aquifer system in the Baton Rouge area For more information on ground-water conditions in Louisiana, visit the USGS Louisiana District web site at: la.water.usgs.gov or contact John Lovelace by phone at (225) 389-0281 ext. 3210 or by email to jlovelac@usgs.gov ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2011 for the course CHEM 1002 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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