Psyc101_Mod1

Psyc101_Mod1 - The History and Scope of Psychology Module 1...

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Unformatted text preview: The History and Scope of Psychology Module 1 What is Psychology? Psychology is the scientific study of: o Behavior (what we do) o Mental processes (thoughts, feelings, and other inner processes). How is Psychology scientific? Science the knowledge obtained through systematic observation and experimentation. Scientific hypotheses must be testable and falsfiable. Concepts that cannot be tested: Freuds explanation of childhood amnesia : We dont have memories from the time we are born to the age of 3 or 4. Freuds explanation claimed that the memories exist but we cant access them because they are too threatening. Concepts that arent falsifiable: Existence of ghostly acts Existence of childs imaginary friend Prescientific Psychology Before the development of scientific techniques, many people thought about the core issues/questions in Psychology. Common questions/debates: Where do thoughts, feelings, ideas come from? Mind vs. Body Nature vs. Nurture Where do thoughts, feelings and ideas come from? In India, the Buddha (563 483BCE) pondered how sensations and perceptions combined to form ideas. Where do thoughts, feelings and ideas come from? Ancient Hebrews believed people thought with their hearts and felt with their bowels. Are ideas innate or formed over time? Innate Socrates Plato 469-399 BCE) (428-348 BCE) Result from Experience Aristotle Locke (384-322 BCE) (1632 1704) The Blank Slate John Locke, a British philosopher, proposed that the mind is a tabula rasa (or blank slate) . Locke believe when we are born our brains are blank slates, or tabula rasa . Mind vs. the Body Early Egyptians discovered the brain body connection....
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Psyc101_Mod1 - The History and Scope of Psychology Module 1...

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