Acid_Base_bronstedlowry_lewis

Acid_Base_bronstedlowry_lewis - Acids & Bases...

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HA B A - HB + ++ acid- gives H + to B to form A - base- accepts H + from HA to form HB + base- accepts H + from HB + to form HA acid- gives H + to A - to form B conjugate base of HA conjugate acid of B conjugate base of HB + conjugate acid of A - Acids & Bases Bronsted/Lowry: acid: substance which gives up a proton base: substance which accepts a proton
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H 2 S H 2 OH 3 O + SH - + + HS - - H 2 O S -2 + + HCl H 2 N(CH 2 ) 4 NH 3 + H 3 N(CH 2 ) 4 NH 3 +2 + + Cl - Acid Base Acid Base SA=stronger acid WA=weaker acid SB=stronger base WB=weaker base HCl H 2 O Cl H 3 O ++ SA SB WB WA C H 3 C O OH +H 2 O 3 O C H 3 C O O SA SB WA WB C H 3 C O C H 3 C O O + H 2 O + SA SB WA WB Acids and bases may be charged or uncharged --- Typically, acids are neutral or positive, bases are neutral or negative. Acid and Base Strength: At equilibrium the weaker acid and base are favored.
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HA H 2 O A H 3 O ++ K eq = [A] [H 3 O] [H 2 O] [HA] but in dilute solutions [H 2 O] ~ 55.5M i.e. there are ~55.5 moles of water in a liter of dilute aqueous solution, so. ..
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This note was uploaded on 12/22/2011 for the course CHEM 3053 taught by Professor Laurashirtcliff during the Fall '11 term at Oklahoma State.

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Acid_Base_bronstedlowry_lewis - Acids & Bases...

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