SOCI 250 October 7th Lecture

SOCI 250 October 7th Lecture - 04:00...

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04:00 Racism (Cont.) and Gender inequality Examples of Institutional Racism - Seniority rules Standardized Tests Credit Policies Legacy Driving while black Environmental racism –  heavy polluting plants/industry in the areas occupied by  minorities (the executives want to put the plants where there will be minimal community   backlash)  Evidence of racial attitudes in the U.S. –  The prevalence of interracial marriages is often seen as an indicator of racial attitudes.   Since laws prohibiting “interracial” marriages were overturned in the late 1960s in the  U.S., interracial marriages have increased from less than 1% to 5.9%   Residential and educational segregation has also been used as an indicator. Little change in this area.   Some evidence of racism Minorities are often associated with the social problems we have been discussing. Poverty Inequality –  class division -> seed rebellion -> L.A. Riots Unemployment Educational attainment Some additional examples Business ownership Gender Inequality
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What is gender :  refers to the culturally and socially constructed differences between  females and males based on meanings, beliefs, and practices that a group or society  associate with femininity or masculinity. Gendered division of labor : the process whereby productive tasks are separated on the  basis of gender.     View that women are emotionally and physically handicapped and thus unable to   perform certain jobs (construction, medicine), women are better at nurturing and thus   should stick to those jobs (nursing, teaching) Gender Inequality : the unequal allocation of rights, privileges, resources, status and  power based on gender.  HOW IS GENDER INEQUALITY AN INDIVIDUAL PROBLEM?  SOCIAL PROBLEM?   Remember the CEO example 545 out of 557 Nobel prizes for science have gone to men Only about a 3-4 point gap in IQ between men and women (not statistically significant) Women have higher educational attainment/higher GPA There are twice as many men as women in the top 2% of IQ  Cultural Goals  women -> beauty 
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This note was uploaded on 12/25/2011 for the course SOCI 250 taught by Professor Carmichael during the Fall '11 term at McGill.

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SOCI 250 October 7th Lecture - 04:00...

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