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Unformatted text preview: 10/16/10 1 Development • Development: – Interested in describing, predicting and explaining the social, moral, emotional and intellectual changes that occur over the life span. • Nature Vs. Nurture • Continuous Vs. Stage like change • Attachment • Moral Development • Gender development Nature Vs. Nurture • John Locke: – Newborns are like a blank slate – They are taught everything by adults • Jean Jacques Rousseau: – Children are capable of discovering how the world operates – Children should grow as their nature dictates, without much adult supervision Nature-Nurture Interactions • Gene-environment interaction: – Impact of genes on behavior depends on the environment • Nature via nurture: – Genetic predispositions can drive us to select or prefer particular environments • Gene expression: – Some genes are only expressed (turned on) in response to specific environmental events Reflexes And Motor Skills • Grasping • Rooting • Sucking • Babinski • Stepping • Motor activity develops from the reflexes Reflexes And Motor Skills Motor Development 1 2 3 4 5 6 10/16/10 2 • Biologically determined timetable for motor development • Maturation – Natural growth that unfolds in a fixed sequence – Suggests that nature is more important Critical Thinking • Is it possible to make the case for nurture for the case of motor development? • Make groups of 4 and discuss the answer to the question and why Nurture • John Watson: – “There is no such thing as an inheritance of capacity, talent, temperament, mental constitution and characteristics. These things… depend on training that goes mainly in the cradle” (Watson, 1925) Nature And Nurture • Jean Piaget – Nature and nurture are inseparable and interactive – Heredity creates predispositions – Shaped by environmental influences – Constructivist theory: Children are not passive; they are...
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- Fall '07
- Theory of cognitive development, • John Locke, Development • Development, • Motor activity