AU10learning - 10/16/10 1 2 3 4 5 Learning Non-associative...

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10/16/10 1 Learning Non-associative learning Sensitization Habituation Dishabituation Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Latent learning Cognitive maps Insight learning Observational learning Nature Vs. Nurture “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. I am going beyond my facts and I admit it, but so have the advocates of the contrary and they have been doing it for many thousands of years.” John Watson (1930) What is learning? Modification through experience of pre-existing behavior and understanding This is shared with all species! We learn all the time whether we want it or not Why is it important? You need to adapt to a constantly changing environment to survive Avoid making the same mistakes Master skills Predict events Learning About Stimuli Habituation Process of responding less strongly to repeated stimuli Sensitization Responding more strongly to repeated stimuli 1 2 3 4 5
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10/16/10 2 Why have both? How Habituation Works? Opponent process theory: Stimuli that arouse strong emotions These emotions disrupt state of equilibrium Disruption triggers an opponent process to counteract disruption Repeated arousing makes opponent process stronger Equilibrium restored Classical Conditioning Associative learning Pairing two stimuli together Learning stimulus-response associations Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 The office clip Classical Conditioning is… A neutral stimulus (bell) paired with a reflex triggering stimulus (meat triggers salivation) The neutral stimulus (bell) triggers the reflex alone (salivation), without the reflex triggering stimulus (meat) For Classical Conditioning You Need… Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Triggers a reflex response naturally Unconditioned Response (UCR) The reflex triggered by the UCS
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor H during the Fall '07 term at Ohio State.

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AU10learning - 10/16/10 1 2 3 4 5 Learning Non-associative...

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