AU10memory - 10/16/10 1 Memory pp. 273-300, 304-311 What is...

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Unformatted text preview: 10/16/10 1 Memory pp. 273-300, 304-311 What is memory? Memory processes Encoding Storage Retrieval Types of memory Models of memory What is memory? Retention of information over time Memory is the Cognitive Psychology answer to the learning proposed by behaviorism Seven Sins of Memory 1. Suggestibility: Misleading information alter memory 2.Misattribution: Mistakes about the sources 3.Bias: Schemas bias memories 4.Transience: Memory fades 5.Persistence: Memory does NOT fade 6.Blocking: Tip of Tongue 7.Absentmindedness: Where are my keys? How Does Memory Work? Information processing Information passes through sensory, short-term, & long-term memory Stages of Information Processing Sensory Info from senses held for brief time Short-term memory (STM) Perceived info held for about 20 seconds Long-term memory (LTM) Further processed & remains indefinitely Stages of Memory Sensory registers Temporary storage bins One for each sense Short Term Memory 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 10/16/10 2 STM: holds info transferred from sensory memory and retrieved from long-term memory Working memory: part of memory system that allows us to manipulate info in STM Short Term Memory Encoding in STM Acoustic encoding Visual encoding Kinesthetic encoding Listen to these words Capacity of Short-Term Memory Immediate memory span: max # of items you can recall perfectly after one presentation The magical number 7 2 (Miller) Capacity of STM limited to about 7 items (give or take 2) at a time Short Term Memory Despite the magical number some people have remarkable memory and can remember many more numbers Chunks Meaningful groups of related items Increases amount of information retained What was the last number we memorized? Forgetting in Short-Term Memory Brown-Peterson procedure Unrehearsed info in STM Duration of Short-Term Memory Activity: memorize the following phone number (presented one digit at a time)... Duration of Short-Term Memory What is the number? Duration of Short-Term Memory 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 10/16/10 2 STM: holds info transferred from sensory memory and retrieved from long-term memory Working memory: part of memory system that allows us to manipulate info in STM Short Term Memory Encoding in STM Acoustic encoding Visual encoding Kinesthetic encoding Listen to these words Capacity of Short-Term Memory Immediate memory span: max # of items you can recall perfectly after one presentation The magical number 7 2 (Miller) Capacity of STM limited to about 7 items (give or take 2) at a time Short Term Memory Despite the magical number some people have remarkable memory and can remember many more numbers Chunks Meaningful groups of related items Increases amount of information retained What was the last number we memorized? What was the last number we memorized?...
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor H during the Fall '07 term at Ohio State.

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AU10memory - 10/16/10 1 Memory pp. 273-300, 304-311 What is...

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