AU10motivation&emotion

AU10motivation&emotion - 10/16/10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8...

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10/16/10 1 Emotion & Motivation Emotion Body language What is motivation? Theories of motivation Hunger and eating Eating disorders Conflicts among motives Emotions What are emotions? What emotion is being expressed? What emotion is being expressed? Innate Emotions Discrete emotions theory We experience a small set of distinct and innate emotions (primary emotions) Emotions are adaptive Emotions as communication Physiological reactions Secondary emotions Emotions Subjective characteristics: Temporary Positive or negative Partially triggered by thoughts Alter thought process Trigger action tendency Passions Unconscious Influences of Emotion Mere exposure effect Repeated exposure to a stimulus makes us feel more favorably toward it Facial feedback hypothesis Social And Cultural Factors Not all facial expressions are universal Expression changes if the person is alone or with other 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
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10/16/10 2 people Different cultures disagree rating emotions like anger, disgust and fear. DIsplay rules: Children learn an emotion culture Emotion and Communication Let’s try this. .. What are the physiological reactions to these emotions? Please write down: Sweat? Herat beat? Breathing? Stomach? Hot or cold? Cognitive Theories of Emotion How do we know what emotion we are feeling? Emotions are (in part) products if thinking James-Lange Theory Emotions result from our interpretations of physiological reactions Cannon-Bard Theory Emotion-provoking stimuli generates an emotion and physiological reactions simultaneously Two-factor Theory Emotions are produced by undifferentiated state of arousal with an explanation of the arousal Why He Did That? What is Motivation? What kinds of things motivate our behaviors? Are motivations biologically determined? Motivation Motivation: Factors that influence the initiation, direction, intensity, and persistence of behavior Motive: Reason or purpose for behavior Cannot be directly observed, must be inferred 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
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10/16/10 3 Thought of as an intervening variable What is An Intervening Variable? Goal of motivation researchers:
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AU10motivation&emotion - 10/16/10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8...

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