AU10mental disorders

AU10mental disorders - 11/13/10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Mental...

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11/13/10 1 Mental Disorders and Treatment Defining psychological disorders Explaining psychological disorders Classifying psychological disorders Anxiety disorders Mood disorders Schizophrenia Treatments What is a Mental Disorder? What is abnormal behavior? What is normal? Difference between mental disorders and medical disorders Psychopathology Patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that result in personal distress and impaired functioning Depends on how “normal” and “abnormal” are defined Defining Psychological Disorders What’s Normal vs. Abnormal Behavior? Depends on the frequency/infrequency Normal = what most people do Abnormal = what most people DON’T do Problems with this criterion: Some infrequent characteristics are valued Any nonconformity = abnormality What is considered infrequent? What’s Normal vs. Abnormal Behavior? Depends on the social and cultural context Abnormal = violates social norms Problems with this criterion: Eccentric or illegal behavior Variations in norms across cultures What’s Normal vs. Abnormal Behavior? Depends on the level of personal suffering or distress Abnormal = high level of suffering 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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11/13/10 2 Problems with this criterion: Distress may be due to events or characteristics that are not pathological People experience disorders without distress What’s Normal vs. Abnormal Behavior? Depends on the level of impairment Abnormal = inability to function in everyday life Problems with this criterion: Laziness can cause impairment but is not a mental disorder What’s Normal vs. Abnormal Behavior? Depends on biological dysfunction Abnormal = genetic and biological failures Problems with this criterion: Several disorders like phobias are learned and have close to 0 biological influence Practical Approach for Identifying Abnormality Family resemblance approach What is the content of the behavior? What is the sociocultural context in which the behavior occurs? What are the consequences of the behavior for that person and for others? Impaired Functioning Impaired functioning Difficulty in fulfilling appropriate & expected family, social, & work-related roles Diagnoses They should do more than just describe something Diagnoses should help to explain the disorder Distinguish it from other but similar disorders Predicts results in tests and brain imaging studies Predicts individuals’ personal history Predicts natural history: what tends to happen Predicts response to treatment Is this true? 8 9 10 11 12
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11/13/10 3 Explaining Psychological Disorders Biopsychosocial Model Psychological disorders are caused by a combination of interacting biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors Biological Factors Physical illness, disruptions in bodily processes, genetic influences “Medical model” or neurobiological model
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor H during the Fall '07 term at Ohio State.

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AU10mental disorders - 11/13/10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Mental...

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