AU10Personality - 11/5/10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Personality 577-617...

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11/5/10 1 Personality 577-617 What is personality? The approaches to studying personality Psychodynamic Trait Approach What is personality? An individual’s unique patterns of thinking, feeling, & behaving Personality Theory Attempt to explain the whole person How people are similar, how they are different, and why every individual is unique Nomothetic approach: Identify general laws that govern behavior of all individuals Idiographic approach: Identify the unique configuration of a single person Two perspectives: Psychoanalytic perspective Trait perspective The Psychodynamic Approach Core Assumptions Psychic determinism: All psychological events have a cause We are not free Symbolic meaning No action is meaningless However not all behaviors are symbolic Unconscious motivation We don’t understand why we do what we do First person to propose the unconscious Sigmund Freud Personalities and behavior are determined by basic drives and past psychological events Feelings, thoughts, and behaviors are partly controlled by unconscious part of personality The Development of Personality People have basic impulses or urges (instincts) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
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11/5/10 2 Personality develops from struggle to satisfy basic urges The Structure of Personality Psychoanalytic Divisions of Mind Conscious Mind: All things we are aware of at any given moment Preconscious: Information that is not conscious at the moment, but it can be retrieved with effort Unconscious: Reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings & memories Powerful influence on behavior & personality The Structure of Personality: Id Unconscious portion of personality Contains basic impulses and urges Eros: life instincts Libido: psychic energy Thanatos: death instincts Operates on pleasure principle, seeking immediate gratification of instincts The Structure of Personality: Id The Structure of Personality: Ego Develops from external restrictions on id impulses Operates on reality principle, making compromises between id’s demands and practical limits The Structure of Personality: Ego
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor H during the Fall '07 term at Ohio State.

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AU10Personality - 11/5/10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Personality 577-617...

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