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4-22-11 - Callimachos of Cyrene fl during Ptolemy II...

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Callimachos of Cyrene fl. during Ptolemy II Philadelphos (285-246 BCE) and Ptolemy III Euergetes (246-222) Born in Cyrene, lived in Alexandria Poet, critic, scholar, librarian Works: a lot of books (>800, allegedly). Pinakes, Hymns , Aetia , Iambe, Hecale, Epigrams, and scholarly works on topics including: Nymphs, athletic games, rivers, 'marvels,' fish, months, etc. Edited or arranged Pindar and Bacchylides
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Ptolemaic Egypt Role of Egypt in Greek literature - Homer, Plato, Herodotus, Euripides History between Homeric hymns and Callimachos - The Persian wars (499-449 BCE) - Rise of the empires of Athens and Sparta, and the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) - Rise of Macedon under Philip II and destruction of Persia under Alexander (359- 323 BCE) - Collapse of Alexander's Empire (in 322) and formation of Ptolemaic Egypt (Ptolemy proclaims himself pharaoh in 305 BCE)
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Callimachus' Poetry Leading proponent of Alexandrian poetics - Brief and concise 'the slender Muse,' 'the cicada, not the braying mule' -
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