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5-16-11.1 - The Republic Socrates 469-399 BCE Fought at the...

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The Republic
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Socrates 469(?)-399 BCE Fought at the battles of Potidaea, Amphipolis, Delium Mostly avoided politics; asked questions Followed around by young men - Not wildly popular with some, e.g. the Clouds of 423 BCE Executed (unjustly?) for myriad crimes in 399 - Corrupting the youth, religious irregularity, etc. Contemporary sources: Plato, Xenophon, Aristophanes
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Plato 429(?)-347 BCE Related to prominent democrats, e.g. Pyrilampes, and to prominent oligarchs, e.g. Critias and Charmides (two of the 30 tyrants) Wrote 36 dialogues, 13 letters (some spurious); the Republic is probably the most important Founded the Academy Questionably accurate biographical details: - Lived for a time in Syracuse, enslaved, almost executed; ties with the Syracusan tyrannical dynasty
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Important Families Ariston Perictone Critias Charmides Adeimantus Plato Glaucon Cephalus Wife Polemarchus Lysias
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The Republic Book I A discussion of justice (eventually): 429, 411 The opening of the dialogue (327-8) -
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