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Unformatted text preview: Book 13
Book The Phaeacians send Odysseus home Odysseus (and loot) is left on the beach Poseidon's revenge
− Boat turned to stone in the harbor
City encircled by a mountain Odysseus lies to the disguised Athena The two schemers Disguised, Odysseus is sent off to the swineherd Book 14
Book Eumaeus displays fine Xenia
− The best in the book? Odysseus tells a lie about who he is Promises that Odysseus is returning soon Odysseus tells a story to get a cloak Book 15
Book Athena brings Telemachus home
− Sparta to Pylos
Theoclymenus joins, Peisistratus stays Exiled son of a seer - (a murderer)
Exiled Eumaeus tells Odysseus his story
− Prince in a 'Eutopia'
Kidnapped by Phoenicians as a boy
Laertes bought him, raised him Telemachus sneaks back into Ithaca Book 16 – Father and Son
Book Telemachus visits Eumaeus
− “And as a loving father embraces his own son
come back from a distant land after ten long
years, His only son, greatly beloved and much
sorrowed for – So did the noble swineherd
clasp Telemachus and kiss him all over...” 16.19-23
Odysseus offers his seat, but gets to keep it
“Telemachus spoke to the godlike swineherd:
“Where did this stranger come from, Papa?”
16.62-63 The question of 'epithets' and a pig-herder Book 16 – Son of a Hero
Book Telemachus, “Wise beyond his years”
− “I am still young, and don't have the
confidence to defend myself if someone picks
a fight. As for my mother, her heart is torn.
She can't decide whether to stay here with
me...or to go away with whichever man among
her suitors is the best of the Achaeans, and
offers the most gifts.” 16.76-84
offers − Proper xenia promised
Proper xenia − Echoes of Achilles and Menelaus/Agamemnon
Who taught him? Odysseus' rebuke Book 16 – Dad?
Book Eumaeus leaves, Athena unveils Odysseus
− “You cannot be my father.... You can be sure
that no other Odysseus will ever come.” 16. 206-217.
that The Return of Martin Guerre
− France, 16th c.
− “Do you think that Athena and her father, Zeus,
would be help enough? Or should I think of more?
… You're talking about two excellent allies,
although they do sit a little high in the clouds and
have to rule the whole world and the gods as
well.” 16.273-279 Book 17
Book Telemachus chats with mom
− The suitors see him back home
Tales of voyage − Xenia for Theoclymenus Eumaeus and Odysseus walk to town
− Melanthius the goat-herd He prophesies Odysseus' return
Penelope has heard 'seers' before Argus “Where are you taking this walking pile of shit,
you miserable hog-tender, this diseased beggar
who will slobber all over our feasts?” 17.236-240
who Books 17-18
Books Odysseus begs from the suitors
− Beggars' brawl
− Irus is a bad guest. Xenia goes two ways
goes Athena 'freshens up' Penelope
− All but Antinous give him food She shows herself to the suitors
Gets gifts from each of them Odysseus and Eurymachus taunt each other Book 19 – Man and Wife
Book Penelope: “I just waste away with longing for
Odysseus. My suitors press on, and I weave my
19.148-149 − Unweaving the shroud “Now I can't escape the marriage. I'm at my wits
end. My parents are pressing me to marry, and
my son agonizes over the fact that these men
are devouring his inheritance.”
19.170-173. Odysseus tells his Cretan lie.
− But says he is coming home soon. Book 19 – A True Lie?
Book “Odysseus, from his mind's teeming depths”
− “...how he should return to Ithaca – openly or
in secret – after being gone so long. So he is
safe, and will come soon. He is very near, and
will not be away long from his dear ones and
his native land. I will swear to this.” 19.328-332
his “Penelope, watching him carefully”
− “Of all the travelers who have come to my
house, none, dear guest, have been as
thoughtful as you and none as welcome, so
wise are your words.” 19.381-383.
wise Book 19 – The Old Nurse
Book “Eurycleia, rise and wash your master's – that is, wash the
feet of this man who is your master's age.” 19.388-389.
− A play on word order in the Greek The scar of Odysseus
− Grandpa's hunting trip
The tradition of telling stories of his kleos
kleos Trembling with mingled joy and grief...
− “You are Odysseus, dear child. I did not know you
until I laid my hands on my master's body.” 19.520-521
until − A hand at the throat and a death threat Book 19 – Penelope's Dream
Book Penelope asks for advice: stay or go? A dream of 20 geese slain by an eagle
− 20 years? 20 suitors? − Odysseus confident, Penelope in doubt − “I grieve because the eagle killed my geese.”
Gate of ivory: lies, fiction
Gate of horn: truth “My strange dream, though, did not come from
there (the horn gate). If it had, it would have
been welcome to me and my child.” 19.622-624
been A final contest: the bow and axes Book 20 – The End Draws Nigh Odysseus sleeps Penelope prays
− “Artemis...please, shoot an arrow into my
breast and take my life this very moment.” 20.66-67.
breast The last and final day – Zeus thunders More feasting, more insults
− “Meanwhile, down in town, heralds were leading a
sacrifice of one hundred bulls through the streets, and
Achaean men, their long hair flowing, were gathering
in a shady grove sacred to Apollo, the god whose
arrows strike from afar.” - 21.276-303.
arrows − Theoclymenus speaks: “The sun is gone from heaven,
and an evil mist spreads over the land.” 20.392
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- Spring '11