1 - Introduction Research Learning Practice

1 - Introduction Research Learning Practice - Research,...

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Research, Learning and Practice It’s All About Perspective… All research originates from some view of reality, which means that there are different ways of gaining an understanding of some aspects of the world and different ways of confirming our understanding – i.e. knowledge Epistemology The science of knowing The branch of philosophy that investigates the nature of knowledge and truth It asks the question “how do we know what we know?” Epistemologists unearth truth and knowledge claims by asking a lot of critical questions. Ways of Understanding… Basic differences in approaches to information gathering affect the manner in which research data is constructed, conducted, analyzed and explained significantly affect the theories that researchers come up with. Alternative Views: Lead to: Different understandings of social reality Different ways of establishi ng what can be accepted as truth and knowledge Different strategies for validating our claims about reality [different methods of collecting data] (ex. questionnaires, observation) Practical Considerations… Different theoretical and practical applications affect: The way researchers gather facts and info about society Influences the methods and techniques used to investigate and collect data on particular events Paradigms… fundamental models or frames of reference inform and organize our observations and reasoning. Paradigms are often hard to recognize: o Often implicit, assumed or taken for granted They seem more “like the way things are” than one possible point of view among many Open up new understandings, suggest different kinds of theories, and inspire different kinds of research Some Examples: *Positivist paradigm (scientific method) o human behaviour as objective social facts * Interpretivist paradigm (qualitative research methods) o Investigates social life through more subjective methods Conflict paradigm
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This note was uploaded on 12/26/2011 for the course FNR 100 taught by Professor D.mahoney during the Winter '10 term at Ryerson.

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1 - Introduction Research Learning Practice - Research,...

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