STUDY SHEET ARCHEO

STUDY SHEET ARCHEO - CLASSICALSHIPWRECKS...

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CLASSICAL SHIPWRECKS Ma’agan Mikhael ca. 400, Israel +  Innovative hull shape, mixed construction (sewn w/ peg m/t);  Earliest ‘wine-glass’ hull- incorporating keel improves resistance to   leeway drift , with enough protrusion of the keel you resist drift caused by the wind, before 5 c arch-shaped hulls drifted Tetkas Burnu, Turkey late 5 th  c., Found in 1996  (only Greek ship in Aegean waters, first ship found with anchor parts [earliest lead core for wood anchor stocks ], 200  amphoras, marble othamoi ‘magic ship eyes’, tells us about the wine trade Kyrenia, Cyprus 300 B.C. , sponge, best hull remains (75%) from this period, 400 amp from Rhodos, attacked by pirates, pine planks and oak tenons/pegs, ceiling  planks that you walk on, keel is thicker than it is wide opposite of Uluburen, PASSIVE FRAMING, garboard strake n/t keel, ship repairs- wood/lead sheathing to protect  again shipworm (FURRING), sailed as little as 60dg HARBORS N-steep and rocky, fewer deltas, more natural harbors; SUBMERGENCE, PAVLOPETRI ca 2800-1200 BC, oldest town found underwater, 7 natural harbors  (embayment, estuary, offshore island, headland, lee of promontory, delta, lagoonal swamps – formed between ridges of sandstone that run along Levantine coast);  Bronze Age  – Sargon of Akkad boasting (in cuneiform)  karum - means harbor, quay, merchant quarter, colony; 13 th  c shipwreck at Ugarit intentionally wrecked on quay;  image evidence  – Tomb of Kenamum 14 th  c- shows syro-canonite trade on quay, Tomb of Huy 14 th  c – shows mooring pegs driven into quay or bank; ceremonial lake at  Birket Habu  made by Queen Tiye, possibly largest civil engineering project in Europe ; man made cave on Red Sea from Middle Kingdom with rope and ship timber; BA  harbors:  Lothal,India - 2500-1900 “meluhha”, possibly earliest remains of harborworks , with channel for silt drainage;  Kommos, Crete - 14 TH  c. possibly earliest   shipsheds,  lots of Canaanite/Syrian amp Iron Age—Phoenician (ca. 1000?-500 BCE) piles of rubble or blocks—quays, breakwaters, moles;  channels—conrol flow of water and silt;  cothons—Phoenician/Punic  invention used primarily, briefly in West  excavated basin into shoreline---  Tyre : Poidebard’s “walls” were either natural sandstone formations/manmade, offshore island,  masons left marks on some of the stones; Sidon- like Tyre;  Arwad Reef System : inhabited island with remains;  Machroud-Tabbat el-Hammam : Arvad reef chain dated  by breakwater connected to Tabbat el-Hammam;  Athlit-  headland 9-5 th  c, islands and reed connected and enhanced with walls, in between the headers pieces of cedar 
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