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Social Movements Review Mid Term

Social Movements Review Mid Term -...

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Populists/Farmers Movement Who?  Large group with a variety of groups working together. Grange, Farmers  Alliance, the Arkansas Wheel (biracial), National Farmers Alliance (in the North),  the Colored Farmers Alliance. No really visible leaders. With farmers there was  no elite support. When?  Late 1800s Where?  The “Farm Belt”, the old Northwest, the Great Plains, and the South What?  A 3 rd  party movement to elect public officials including a president. Why/Grievances?  Low farm prices, high debt, deflation, railroad and business  combinations, squeezing the farmers at both ends, the marriage of convenience,  major railroad strike (Rutherford B. Hayes sends troops to squash them) 1878. How?  Just vote. “Shoot them in the neck with your ballot.” Standard political  tactics. Frame of the Farmers Alliance is republicanism, Greenback  Jeffersonianism  Structure?  Communication: Had “lecturers” who carried the message (told of the  subtreasury plan) of the movement to the people—cognitivie liberation. Moves  outward, reaches out to blacks, labor, to women, to temperance people.  What they wanted?  1) The wanted the free coinage of silver at 16:1(silver:gold)  oz. To get inflation to pay debts. To increase the amount of currency in  circulation.   2) Graduated income tax- the more you make the higher percentage the  government takes. 3) They wanted government ownership of railroads, telegraphs, and telephones.  4) They wanted tariffs reduced so consumers could pay lower prices. 
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