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Readings Human Rights and Global Justice final

Readings Human Rights and Global Justice final - The two...

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Readings: Human Rights and Global Justice 02:06 Rawls Political liberalism is a response o the fact of reasonable pluralism about the good that  prevails in modern democratic societies Addressing two fundamental questions: What is the most appropriate conception of justice for specifying the fair terms of social  cooperation between citizens regarded as free and equal?  Two principles of justice (to serve as guidelines for how basic institutions are to realize  the value of liberty and equality) Each person has an equal claim to a fully adequate scheme of equal basic rights Social and economic inequalities are to satisfy two conditions 1 st  they are to be attached to positions and offices open to all under conditions of fair  opportunity 2 nd  they are to be of the greatest benefit to the least advantaged members of society
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Unformatted text preview: The two principles express an egalitarian form of liberalism in 3 elements The guarantee of political liberties Fair equality of opportunity The difference principle: permits inequalities in the distribution of goods only if those inequalities benefit the worst-off members of society. The aim of justice as fairness What are the grounds of toleration so understood and given the fact of reasonable pluralism as the inevitable outcome of free institutions? Nancy Fraser and Linda Gordon, “Dependency Demystified” The term “dependency” Leaks a profusion of stigmatizing connotations The image of the welfare mother Tracing the historical career of “dependency” Pre-Industrial English usage: common meaning was subordination 02:06 02:06...
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