Aggression_Outline

Aggression_Outline - Aggression_Outline 1 Aggression Class...

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Aggression_Outline 1 Aggression Class „Quiz‟ What is aggression? Aggression: any behavior resulting in physical or psychological pain and implies intention Hostile Aggression Involves anger and infliction of pain Instrumental aggression Means to an end Is aggression inborn or learn? Freud‟s Instinct Theory: Eros (life) and Thanatos (death) Fails to account for variation Aggressiveness across Cultures Berkowitz (1993) Humans have an inborn tendency to act aggressive, but expression of aggressive action depends on the social situation Aggressive behavior differs across and within cultures Nisbet (1993) – Culture of Honor Causes of Aggression Neural and Chemical Causes The Brain (amygdala) Testosterone Serotonin Region Homicide Rates (White Male offender) New England Middle Atlantic Midwest Pacific Mountain Southwest South
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Aggression_Outline 2 Alcohol Pain and Discomfort Carlsmith & Anderson (1979) Griffit & Veitch (1971) Causes of Aggression Social Situations Frustration Direct Provocation and Reciprocation Aggressive Objects Social Learning Theory – Imitation Frustration as a cause of aggression: Dollard & Miller‟s (1936) Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis Aggression can be [types] Direct Displaced Vicarious Scapegoating Remember: Price of Cotton and lynching Why does frustration cause aggression? Gap between expectations & achievements o Riots Goal is blocked Barker, Dembo, & Lewin (1941): Attractive toy study Closer to your goal Harris (1974) – supermarket study Unexpected frustration Kulik & Brown – charity donations
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Aggression_Outline 3 Frustration does not always produce aggression Rather it produces anger, annoyance and a readiness to aggress Frustration vs. Deprivation
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This note was uploaded on 12/27/2011 for the course PSYCH 27 taught by Professor Szafran during the Fall '11 term at Syracuse.

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Aggression_Outline - Aggression_Outline 1 Aggression Class...

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